Must Not vs Dont Have To (Blog Post Image)

What’s the Difference? Must Not vs. Don’t Have To

There is a big difference between telling someone “You mustn’t drink alcohol” and telling him “You don’t have to drink alcohol.” Meaning: Must not means that the action is illegal or dangerous.  If I overhear the first speaker, I think this is a doctor telling someone that his health will be ruined if alcohol crosses […]

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English Help From PELA

What to Do? What to Do? – On the Horns of a Dilemma

Sometimes we must make difficult choices.  We call such choices dilemmas because there are two options (“di”—as in divide, diverge, dissect—meaning “two”) that we must evaluate.  When we face a dilemma, we think carefully about the pros and cons—the benefits and disadvantages—of each option. This is a scale.  It’s a good image to have in […]

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PELA Tricky English Words Blog

Tricky Words: Deny, Reject, Refuse, Doubt, and Suspect

Verbs like deny, refuse, and reject have overlapping meanings.  Sometimes, they can even be used interchangeably.  The same is true for the pair doubt and suspect.  However, with both sets of words, the context can often help clarify the subtle differences between them.  Today in class, to help students understand them more easily, I wrote the following […]

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