Good, Better, Best – Comparison and Superlative Adjectives

 

 

One chocolate truffle is good.

One truffle is good
Two truffles are better  

Two chocolate truffles are better.

 

 

But a whole plate of chocolates is
the best.

 

Three truffles are the best
One puppy is cute  

One puppy is cute.

 

 

Two puppies are cuter.

 

Two puppies are cuter
Litter of puppies cutest  

But a whole litter of puppies is
the cutest.

 

 

 

One test question is difficult

 

One question is difficult
A test is more difficult  

A one-page test is more difficult.

 

 

But the IELTS test is the
most difficult.

 

IELTS is the most difficult

What are the rules for comparing other adjectives? What are the rules for the superlative form of the adjective? Let’s review them.

To compare, we add -er to one syllable adjectives. A syllable = a vowel sound (not a vowel letter).
For example, sweet is one syllable, but it has two vowel letters. The comparative form is sweeter. We could say: Fruit is sweeter than vegetables. Which is sweeter? Fruit is sweeter.

We add -ier to two syllable adjectives that end in Y.
I am happier on the weekend than at school. When are you happier? I am happier on the weekend.

For all other adjectives, two syllable without Y and more than two syllables, we add more in front of the adjective.
A house is more expensive than a hamburger. Which is more expensive? A house is more expensive.

Common exceptions to this rule are

  • good better,
  • bad worse,
  • fun more fun
  • far farther.

The superlative rules are almost the same.
For one syllable adjectives, add the + adjective +est:
Watermelon is the sweetest fruit.
For two syllable adjectives ending in Y, add the + adjective + iest.
Saturday is the happiest day for me.
For two syllable adjectives that don’t end in Y or for adjectives with MORE than two syllables, add the most + adjective.
London, New York, Taipei, and Tokyo are some of the most expensive cities on Earth.

The exceptions are:

  • the best
  • the worst
  • the most fun
  • the farthest

Practice I: Write the comparative form of each adjective given.

  • A basketball is (big / than) a tennis ball.
  • Going to a party is (interesting / than) studying grammar.
  • Food I cook myself is (bad / than) food I get at a restaurant.
  • A comedy is (funny / than) an action movie.
  • A bus is (crowded / than) a car.
  • A skyscraper is (tall / than) a house.

Practice II: Write the superlative form of each adjective given.

  • Vancouver, British Columbia is (beautiful) city that I have visited.
  • A marathon is (hard) race that you can run.
  • A Labrador Retriever is (friendly) dog that you can have for a pet.
  • The Game of Thrones is (good) TV series that I have watched.
  • Punk music is (loud) music that I have heard.
  • Having a child is the (life-changing) thing that you can do.

Answers: Part A

  • bigger than
  • more interesting than
  • worse than
  • funnier than
  • more crowded than
  • taller than

Part B

  • the most beautiful
  • the hardest
  • the friendliest
  • the best
  • the loudest
  • the most life-changing

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