Even is an adverb that intensifies. It can modify nouns or verbs.
This man is an adult, but he is acting silly. Even adults act silly sometimes.
This person doesn’t have much money. He doesn’t even have enough money for a bus ticket.
This woman loves champagne. She even drinks it for breakfast.
Even though is followed by a (S+ V) and makes a dependent clause. It shows a surprising opposition.
Even though I put on mosquito repellent, a mosquito bit me. (Really? That’s surprising.)
Even though his boss was looking at him, he still acted foolishly. (Really? Didn’t he worry about looking stupid?)
She had a lot to drink even though she had to drive home. (Really? I’m shocked! That’s dangerous!)
Even if also makes a dependent clause. It is used to show conditions. It uses unreal present and past conditional patterns.
Even if I were rich, I might not be happy. (I’m not rich. I’m just imagining.)
Even if I had all the money in the world, it would be meaningless without good health and close friends. (I don’t have all the money in the world. I’m imagining.)
I wouldn’t buy a sports car even if I could because I don’t care very much about what kind of car I drive. (I can’t afford a sports car. I’m just imagining.)
Learn more with PART 1: What’s the Different Between “Even if” and “Even when”?
Here are some sentences to practice. The answers are below:
- I’m 18, but ______________________ I were over 21, I wouldn’t drink because I don’t like the taste of alcohol.
- I never use my phone while I’m driving. I don’t ______________ use GPS. I think it’s too dangerous.
- This soup isn’t spicy. _______________ a child could eat it! Why are you complaining?
- _________________________ my friend offered to let me copy her homework paper, I said no because I wanted to do the work myself.
- I wouldn’t move to New York ______________________ someone gave me a free apartment. I don’t like big cities.
- I didn’t take an umbrella with me today __________________________ it is raining. I don’t like to carry them because I always forget them.
- I’m broke. I don’t ____________________ have ten dollars.
- This app is so easy to use that _________________ my grandma can use it.
- It’s hard to find a job in my country. ____________________ I spoke English perfectly when I returned, I still might not find one because many people can speak English these days. There is a lot of competition.
- ___________________________ I’m late, I’m not going to run. I don’t like to get sweaty. I don’t like to rush. I’ll just be a little late. It’s no big deal.
(even if / even / even / even though / even if / even though / even / even / even f / even though)