Archive | What’s The Difference? English Lessons

last adverb adjective noun verb pronoun ESL English

What’s the Difference Between Last as a Verb and Last as an Adverb or Adjective?

Last is a tricky word for students of English because it has many meanings and functions. When we use last as a verb, we mean continue.  My class lasts one hour. My airplane flight lasted twelve hours. The exam will last four hours. Last is a regular -ed verb. Last can also be used as an […]

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Good

Back to Basics: What’s the Difference between Good and Well?

Good is an adjective. Adjectives tell about people, places or things. Adjectives tell about nouns. Well is an adverb. Adverbs tell about actions. Adverbs tell about verbs. For example: This woman is a good boss. She leads well. She is a good speaker. She speaks well. She is a good team player. She cooperates well. […]

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Me my myself pronouns possessive English ESL

What’s the Difference: Me, My, and Myself

Help! What is the difference between myself, my and me? We use myself when we mean “with no other person’s help” or “alone.” I am the only person involved. A: That cake looks wonderful! Where did you get it? B: I made it myself. A: I thought your sink was broken. Who fixed it? Did […]

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There are they are theyre English ESL grammar part 2

What’s the Difference: “There Are” & “They are” Part 2

My beginning students confuse “There are” and “They are.” First, the pronunciation is hard.   To say “There,” your mouth ends up in the position you would use to say the word “girl.”  Your mouth is small and your lips are tight and turned down. To say “they,” smile big.  Show all of your teeth.  (Or, […]

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otherwise

Tricky English Words: Unless and Otherwise

Unless expresses a negative condition. Unless this boy stops fooling around, he won’t learn very much. Unless he takes the pencils out of his nose and ears, his teacher will get mad.  Otherwise expresses a negative result. This boy had better stop fooling around. Otherwise, he won’t learn very much. He should take the pencils […]

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why do we pronounce it differently?

The Spelling is the Same, Why Do We Pronounce “-ed” Verbs Differently?

Regular verbs all end with -ed. Why does the pronunciation sometimes sound like /t/, sometimes like /d/, and sometimes like a new syllable /ɪd/? To help you answer the question, find the sound that comes in front of the -ed ending. For example, in the verb helped, /p/ is the sound right before the -ed.  Put […]

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10 year-5

Prepositions: Small, But They Can Mean the World!

Prepositions are small but mighty! Today a student told me that over the weekend, a friend had thrown up popcorn on her.  My response was “Eeew!  Gross!” She looked confused.  What she meant was that her friend had tossed popcorn at her in a playful way. Look at the difference: Throw up is a phrasal […]

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even though when adverb preposition clause surprise grammar ESL English

What is the Difference Between “EVEN,” “EVEN THOUGH,” and “EVEN WHEN”? (Part Two)

Even is an adverb that intensifies.  It can modify nouns or verbs. A mosquito is small, but it carries diseases.  Even something as small as a mosquito can be dangerous. This man is an adult, but he is acting silly.  Even adults act silly sometimes. This person doesn’t have much money.  He doesn’t even have […]

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